The Indian Constitution envisages a secular polity guaranteeing the minorities the right to preserve their cultural, linguistic and religious identity. Communal readings of history during the past forty years, particularly of the Partition, have however, distorted the people's perceptions, attitudes and values. Militant creeds propagating various shades of fundamentalism have raised their ugly heads, frequently leading to violent clashes between Muslims and Hindus. While the majority community sees in these developments a threat to the country's integrity, the minorities view the former's efforts at centralisation and homogenisation as a threat to their separate cultural religious identity. The resultant deterioration in secular values provided the backdrop for an open discussion on the Muslim situation in India held at a seminar organised by the Institute of Objective Studies in New Delhi in July 1987. This volume comprises the papers presented at the seminar, reflecting a broad spectrum of Muslim opinion.